Best Philosopher Biographies Books

Here you will get Best Philosopher Biographies Books For you.This is an up-to-date list of recommended books for you.

1. Journey to the Edge of Reason: The Life of Kurt Gödel

Author: by Stephen Budiansky English 368 pages 1324005440

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The first major biography written for a general audience of the logician and mathematician whose Incompleteness Theorems helped launch a modern scientific revolution. Nearly a hundred years after its publication, Kurt Gdel’s famous proof that every mathematical system must contain propositions that are trueyet never provablecontinues to unsettle mathematics, philosophy, and computer science.

Yet unlike Einstein, with whom he formed a warm and abiding friendship, Gdel has long escaped all but the most casual scrutiny of his life. Stephen Budiansky’s Journey to the Edge of Reason is the first biography to fully draw upon Gdel’s voluminous letters and writingsincluding a never-before-transcribed shorthand diary of his most intimate thoughtsto explore Gdel’s profound intellectual friendships, his moving relationship with his mother, his troubled yet devoted marriage, and the debilitating bouts of paranoia that ultimately took his life.

It also offers an intimate portrait of the scientific and intellectual circles in prewar Vienna, a haunting account of Gdel’s and Jewish intellectuals’ flight from Austria and Germany at the start of the Second World War, and a vivid re-creation of the early days of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, NJ, where Gdel and Einstein both worked.


2. Meditations: The Philosophy Classic (Capstone Classics)

Author: by Marcus Aurelius Capstone English 192 pages

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A deluxe special edition of the ancient classic written by the Roman Emperor known as The Philosopher Meditations is a series of personal journals written by Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome from 169 to 180 AD. The last of the Five Good Emperors, he was the most powerful and influential man in the Western world at the time.

Marcus was one of the leaders of Stoicism, a philosophy of personal ethics which sought resilience and virtue through personal action and responsibility. Stoicism, viewed as a foundation of modern self-help, has inspired many personal development and psychotherapy approaches through to the present day.

Meditations is perhaps the most important source of our modern understanding of Stoic philosophy. Its twelve books chronicle different stages of Marcus Aurelius’ life and ideas. Although he ruled during the Pax Romana, the age of relative peace and stability throughout the empire, his reign was marked by near-constant military conflict and a devastating plague which killed upwards of five million people.


3. Meditations

Author: by Marcus Aurelius English 88 pages

1545565678

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About Marcus Aurelius Meditations Meditations is a series of personal writings by Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 AD, recording his private notes to himself and ideas on Stoic philosophy. Marcus Aurelius wrote the 12 books of the Meditations in Koine Greek as a source for his own guidance and self-improvement.

It is possible that large portions of the work were written at Sirmium, where he spent much time planning military campaigns from 170 to 180. It is unlikely that Marcus Aurelius ever intended his Meditations to be published and the work has no official title, so “Meditations” is one of several titles commonly assigned to the collection.

These writings take the form of quotations varying in length from one sentence to long paragraphs. About this translation of Marcus Aurelius Meditations This is the classic and official translation of the Meditations as produced by George Long and originally printed in The Harvard Classics.

What you get when you buy this edition of Meditations This edition of Meitations is an 80 page long 9×6 trade paperback edition in creme paper and a black glossy cover. Famous quotes from this edition of Meditations Do not act as if thou wert going to live ten thousand years.


4. How to Think Like a Roman Emperor

Author: by Donald Robertson Griffin (August 4, 2020) English 304 pages

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“This is a wonderful and important book that anyone interested in Stoicism or in being a better leader should read.” Ryan Holiday Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius was the final famous Stoic philosopher of the ancient world. The Meditations, his personal journal, survives to this day as one of the most loved self-help and spiritual classics of all time.

In How to Think Like a Roman Emperor, cognitive psychotherapist Donald Robertson weaves the life and philosophy of Marcus Aurelius together seamlessly to provide a compelling modern-day guide to the Stoic wisdom followed by countless individuals throughout the centuries as a path to achieving greater fulfillment and emotional resilience.

How to Think Like a Roman Emperor takes readers on a transformative journey along with Marcus, following his progress from a young noble at the court of Hadriantaken under the wing of some of the finest philosophers of his daythrough to his reign as emperor of Rome at the height of its power.


5. Confessions (Oxford World's Classics)

Author: by Saint Augustine Oxford University Press English 311 pages

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In his own day the dominant personality of the Western Church, Augustine of Hippo today stands as perhaps the greatest thinker of Christian antiquity, and his Confessions is one of the great works of Western literature. In this intensely personal narrative, Augustine relates his rare ascentfrom a humble Algerian farm to the edge of the corridors of power at the imperial court in Milan, his struggle against the domination of his sexual nature, his renunciation of secular ambition and marriage, and the recovery of the faith his mother Monica had taught him during his childhood.

Now, Henry Chadwick, an eminent scholar of early Christianity, has given us the first new English translation in thirty years of this classic spiritual journey. Chadwick renders the details of Augustine’s conversion in clear, modern English. We witness the future saint’s fascination with astrologyand with the Manichees, and then follow him through scepticism and disillusion with pagan myths until he finally reaches Christian faith.


6. Being Ram Dass

Author: by Ram Dass Sounds True English 488 pages

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Joseph Campbell, arguably the greatest mythologist of the twentieth century, was certainly one of our greatest storytellers. This masterfully crafted book interweaves conversations between Campbell and some of the people he inspired, including poet Robert Bly, anthropologist Angeles Arrien, filmmaker David Kennard, Doors drummer John Densmore, psychiatric pioneer Stanislov Grof, Nobel laureate Roger Guillemen, and others.

Campbell reflects on subjects ranging from the origins and functions of myth, the role of the artist, and the need for ritual to the ordeals of love and romance. With poetry and humor, Campbell recounts his own quest and conveys the excitement of his lifelong exploration of our mythic traditions, what he called the one great story of mankind.


8. How to Live: Or A Life of Montaigne in One Question and Twenty Attempts at an Answer

Author: by Sarah Bakewell Other Press English 416 pages

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Winner of the 2010 National Book Critics Circle Award for BiographyHow to get along with people, how to deal with violence, how to adjust to losing someone you lovesuch questions arise in most people’s lives. They are all versions of a bigger question: How do you live?

This question obsessed Renaissance writers, none more than Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, considered by many to be the first truly modern individual. He wrote free-roaming explorations of his thoughts and experience, unlike anything written before. More than four hundred years later, Montaigne’s honesty and charm still draw people to him.

Readers come to him in search of companionship, wisdom, and entertainment and in search of themselves. Just as they will to this spirited and singular biography.


9. The Art of Happiness, 10th Anniversary Edition: A Handbook for Living

Author: by Dalai Lama Riverhead Books English 352 pages

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An updated edition of a beloved classic, the original book on happiness, with new material from His Holiness the Dalai Lama and Dr. Howard Cutler. Nearly every time you see him, he’s laughing, or at least smiling. And he makes everyone else around him feel like smiling.

He’s the Dalai Lama, the spiritual and temporal leader of Tibet, a Nobel Prize winner, and a hugely sought-after speaker and statesman. Why is he so popular? Even after spending only a few minutes in his presence you can’t help feeling happier.

If you ask him if he’s happy, even though he’s suffered the loss of his country, the Dalai Lama will give you an unconditional yes. What’s more, he’ll tell you that happiness is the purpose of life, and that the very motion of our life is toward happiness.

How to get there has always been the question. He’s tried to answer it before, but he’s never had the help of a psychiatrist to get the message across in a context we can easily understand. The Art of Happiness is the book that started the genre of happiness books, and it remains the cornerstone of the field of positive psychology.

10. A Personal Odyssey

Author: by Thomas Sowell ISBN: 978-1883955199 Published at: Free Press; Reprint edition (February 5, 2002)

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This is the gritty story of one man’s lifelong education in the school of hard knocks, as his journey took him from Harlem to the Marines, the Ivy League, and a career as a controversial writer, teacher, and economist in government and private industry.

It is also the story of the dramatically changing times in which this personal odyssey took place.

11. The Price of Peace: Money, Democracy, and the Life of John Maynard Keynes

Author: by Zachary D. Carter English 656 pages 0525509054

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NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER An outstanding new intellectual biography of John Maynard Keynes [that moves] swiftly along currents of lucidity and wit (The New York Times), illuminating the world of the influential economist and his transformative ideasA timely, lucid and compelling portrait of a man whose enduring relevance is always heightened when crisis strikes.

The Wall Street Journal WINNER OF THE HILLMAN PRIZE FOR BOOK JOURNALISM FINALIST FOR THE NATIONAL BOOK CRITICS CIRCLE AWARD AND THE SABEW BEST IN BUSINESS BOOK AWARD NAMED ONE OF THE TEN BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY PUBLISHERS WEEKLY AND ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY Jennifer Szalai, The New York Times The Economist Bloomberg Mother Jones At the dawn of World War I, a young academic named John Maynard Keynes hastily folded his long legs into the sidecar of his brother-in-law’s motorcycle for an odd, frantic journey that would change the course of history.

Swept away from his placid home at Cambridge University by the currents of the conflict, Keynes found himself thrust into the halls of European treasuries to arrange emergency loans and packed off to America to negotiate the terms of economic combat.

12. At the Existentialist Café: Freedom, Being, and Apricot Cocktails with Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Albert Camus, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Others

Author: by Sarah Bakewell English 464 pages 1590518896

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Named one of the Ten Best Books of 2016 by the New York Times, a spirited account of a major intellectual movement of the twentieth century and the revolutionary thinkers who came to shape it, by the best-selling author of How to Live Sarah Bakewell.

Paris, 1933: three contemporaries meet over apricot cocktails at the Bec-de-Gaz bar on the rue Montparnasse. They are the young Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and longtime friend Raymond Aron, a fellow philosopher who raves to them about a new conceptual framework from Berlin called Phenomenology.

“You see,” he says, “if you are a phenomenologist you can talk about this cocktail and make philosophy out of it!” It was this simple phrase that would ignite a movement, inspiring Sartre to integrate Phenomenology into his own French, humanistic sensibility, thereby creating an entirely new philosophical approach inspired by themes of radical freedom, authentic being, and political activism.

This movement would sweep through the jazz clubs and cafs of the Left Bank before making its way across the world as Existentialism. Featuring not only philosophers, but also playwrights, anthropologists, convicts, and revolutionaries, At the Existentialist Caf follows the existentialists’ story, from the first rebellious spark through the Second World War, to its role in postwar liberation movements such as anti-colonialism, feminism, and gay rights.

13. 12-Step Workbook for Recovering Alcoholics, Including Powerful 4th-Step Worksheets: 2015 Revised Edition

Author: by Iam Pastal BalboaPress English 52 pages

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Seventeen years ago, Iam was on the verge of either dying or being locked up for a very long time. Instead, he became a very active member of AA and has stayed in the middle of AA ever since and has been sponsoring new members for over sixteen years.

He loves AA so much that other members laugh when they hear him sing his favorite jingle: “I am stuck on AA, ’cause AA’s stuck on me!”Today, Iam lives in southwest Florida with his wonderful Al Anon wife and their happy seven-year-old daughter and delightful eight-month-old baby boy, Iam Junior.

14. Story of Edgar Cayce: There Is a River

Author: by Thomas Sugrue English

382 pages 0876043759

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This original biography of Edgar Cayce tells the complete story of America’s most well-documented psychic. Explores Cayce’s life, work, psychic readings, and phenomenal medical cures.Photos.Index.

15. The Last Days of Socrates (Penguin Classics)

Author: by Plato Penguin Classics English 304 pages

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The trial and death of Socrates (469-399 BCE) have almost as central a place in Western consciousness as the trial and death of Jesus. In four superb dialogues, Plato provides the classic account. Euthyphro finds Socrates outside the court-house, debating the nature of piety, while the Apology is his robust rebuttal of the charges of impiety and a defence of the philosopher’s life.

In the Crito, while awaiting execution in prison, Socrates counters the arguments of friends urging him to escape. Finally, in the Phaedo, he is shown calmly confident in the face of death, skilfully arguing the case for the immortality of the soul.

For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.