Best Epistemology Philosophy Books
Here you will get Best Epistemology Philosophy Books For you.This is an up-to-date list of recommended books.
1. Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die
Author: by Chip Heath
NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER The instant classic about why some ideas thrive, why others die, and how to make your ideas stick. Anyone interested in influencing othersto buy, to vote, to learn, to diet, to give to charity or to start a revolutioncan learn from this book.
The Washington Post Mark Twain once observed, A lie can get halfway around the world before the truth can even get its boots on. His observation rings true: Urban legends, conspiracy theories, and bogus news stories circulate effortlessly. Meanwhile, people with important ideasentrepreneurs, teachers, politicians, and journalistsstruggle to make them stick.
In Made to Stick, Chip and Dan Heath reveal the anatomy of ideas that stick and explain ways to make ideas stickier, such as applying the human scale principle, using the Velcro Theory of Memory, and creating curiosity gaps. Along the way, we discover that sticky messages of all kindsfrom the infamous kidney theft ring hoax to a coach’s lessons on sportsmanship to a vision for a new product at Sonydraw their power from the same six traits.
2. Extraterrestrial: The First Sign of Intelligent Life Beyond Earth
Author: by Avi Loeb
INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Provocative and thrilling … Loeb asks us to think big and to expect the unexpected. Alan Lightman, New York Times bestselling author of Einstein’s Dreams and Searching for Stars on an Island in MaineHarvard’s top astronomer lays out his controversial theory that our solar system was recently visited by advanced alien technology from a distant star.
In late 2017, scientists at a Hawaiian observatory glimpsed an object soaring through our inner solar system, moving so quickly that it could only have come from another star. Avi Loeb, Harvard’s top astronomer, showed it was not an asteroid; it was moving too fast along a strange orbit, and left no trail of gas or debris in its wake.
There was only one conceivable explanation: the object was a piece of advanced technology created by a distant alien civilization. In Extraterrestrial, Loeb takes readers inside the thrilling story of the first interstellar visitor to be spotted in our solar system.
3. Knowledge And Decisions
Author: by Thomas Sowell
With a new preface by the author, this reissue of Thomas Sowell’s classic study of decision making updates his seminal work in the context of The Vision of the Annointed, Sowell, one of America’s most celebrated public intellectuals, describes in concrete detail how knowledge is shared and disseminated throughout modern society.
He warns that society suffers from an ever-widening gap between firsthand knowledge and decision makinga gap that threatens not only our economic and political efficiency, but our very freedom because actual knowledge gets replaced by assumptions based on an abstract and elitist social vision f what ought to be.
Knowledge and Decisions, a winner of the 1980 Law and Economics Center Prize, was heralded as a landmark work and selected for this prize because of its cogent contribution to our understanding of the differences between the market process and the process of government.
In announcing the award, the center acclaimed Sowell, whose contribution to our understanding of the process of regulation alone would make the book important, but in reemphasizing the diversity and efficiency that the market makes possible, [his] work goes deeper and becomes even more significant.
4. The Voice of Knowledge: A Practical Guide to Inner Peace
Author: by Don Miguel Ruiz
From the bestselling author of The Four AgreementsIn The Voice of Knowledge, Miguel Ruiz reminds us of a profound and simple truth: The only way to end our emotional suffering and restore our joy in living is to stop believing in lies mainly about ourselves.
Based on ancient Toltec wisdom, this breakthrough book shows us how to recover our faith in the truth and return to our own common sense. Ruiz changes the way we perceive ourselves, and the way we perceive other people. Then he opens the door to a reality that we once perceived when we were one and two years old a reality of truth, love, and joy.”We are born in truth, but we grow up believing in lies….
One of the biggest lies in the story of humanity is the lie of our imperfection.” don Miguel Ruiz
5. Beyond Good and Evil
Author: by Friedrich Nietzsche
Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future is a book by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, first published in 1886. It draws on and expands the ideas of his previous work, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, but with a more critical and polemical approach.
In Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzsche accuses past philosophers of lacking critical sense and blindly accepting dogmatic premises in their consideration of morality. Specifically, he accuses them of founding grand metaphysical systems upon the faith that the good man is the opposite of the evil man, rather than just a different expression of the same basic impulses that find more direct expression in the evil man.
The work moves into the realm “beyond good and evil” in the sense of leaving behind the traditional morality which Nietzsche subjects to a destructive critique in favour of what he regards as an affirmative approach that fearlessly confronts the perspectival nature of knowledge and the perilous condition of the modern individual.
6. The Death of Expertise: The Campaign against Established Knowledge and Why it Matters
Author: by Tom Nichols
Oxford University Press
Technology and increasing levels of education have exposed people to more information than ever before. These societal gains, however, have also helped fuel a surge in narcissistic and misguided intellectual egalitarianism that has crippled informed debates on any number of issues.
Today, everyone knows everything: with only a quick trip through WebMD or Wikipedia, average citizens believe themselves to be on an equal intellectual footing with doctors and diplomats. All voices, even the most ridiculous, demand to be taken with equal seriousness, and any claim to the contrary is dismissed as undemocratic elitism.
Tom Nichols’ The Death of Expertise shows how this rejection of experts has occurred: the openness of the internet, the emergence of a customer satisfaction model in higher education, and the transformation of the news industry into a 24 hour entertainment machine, among other reasons.
Paradoxically, the increasingly democratic dissemination of information, rather than producing an educated public, has instead created an army of ill informed and angry citizens who denounce intellectual achievement. When ordinary citizens believe that no one knows more than anyone else, democratic institutions themselves are in danger of falling either to populism or to technocracy or, in the worst case, a combination of both.
7. The Book of Eels: Our Enduring Fascination with the Most Mysterious Creature in the Natural World
Author: by Patrik Svensson
Ecco (April 13, 2021)
Los Angeles Times BestsellerIndieBound BestsellerOne of USA Today’s 5 Books Not to MissOne of Forbes’ Best Summer Reads” One of the LA Times’ 21 New and Classic Books to Keep You in Touch with the Natural WorldPart H Is for Hawk, part The Soul of an Octopus, The Book of Eels is both a meditation on the world’s most elusive fishthe eeland a reflection on the human conditionRemarkably little is known about the European eel, Anguilla anguilla.
So little, in fact, that scientists and philosophers have, for centuries, been obsessed with what has become known as the eel question: Where do eels come from?What are they? Are they fish or some other kind of creature altogether?
Even today, in an age of advanced science, no one has ever seen eels mating or giving birth, and we still don’t understand what drives them, after living for decades in freshwater, to swim great distances back to the ocean at the end of their lives.
They remain a mystery. Drawing on a breadth of research about eels in literature, history, and modern marine biology, as well as his own experience fishing for eels with his father, Patrik Svensson crafts a mesmerizing portrait of an unusual, utterly misunderstood, and completely captivating animal.
8. Lost in Thought: The Hidden Pleasures of an Intellectual Life
Author: by Zena Hitz
Published at: Princeton University Press (May 26, 2020)
An invitation to readers from every walk of life to rediscover the impractical splendors of a life of learningIn an overloaded, superficial, technological world, in which almost everything and everybody is judged by its usefulness, where can we turn for escape, lasting pleasure, contemplation, or connection to others?
While many forms of leisure meet these needs, Zena Hitz writes, few experiences are so fulfilling as the inner life, whether that of a bookworm, an amateur astronomer, a birdwatcher, or someone who takes a deep interest in one of countless other subjects.
Drawing on inspiring examples, from Socrates and Augustine to Malcolm X and Elena Ferrante, and from films to Hitz’s own experiences as someone who walked away from elite university life in search of greater fulfillment, Lost in Thought is a passionate and timely reminder that a rich life is a life rich in thought.
Today, when even the humanities are often defended only for their economic or political usefulness, Hitz says our intellectual lives are valuable not despite but because of their practical uselessness. And while anyone can have an intellectual life, she encourages academics in particular to get back in touch with the desire to learn for its own sake, and calls on universities to return to the person-to-person transmission of the habits of mind and heart that bring out the best in us.
9. How to Be a Stoic: Using Ancient Philosophy to Live a Modern Life
Author: by Massimo Pigliucci
In the tradition of How to Live and How Proust Can Change Your Life, a philosopher asks how ancient Stoicism can help us flourish todayWhenever we worry about what to eat, how to love, or simply how to be happy, we are worrying about how to lead a good life.
No goal is more elusive. In How to Be a Stoic, philosopher Massimo Pigliucci offers Stoicism, the ancient philosophy that inspired the great emperor Marcus Aurelius, as the best way to attain it. Stoicism is a pragmatic philosophy that focuses our attention on what is possible and gives us perspective on what is unimportant.
By understanding Stoicism, we can learn to answer crucial questions: Should we get married or divorced? How should we handle our money in a world nearly destroyed by a financial crisis? How can we survive great personal tragedy? Whoever we are, Stoicism has something for us-and How to Be a Stoic is the essential guide.
10. Three Critiques, 3-volume Set: Vol. 1: Critique of Pure Reason; Vol. 2: Critique of Practical Reason; Vol. 3: Critique of Judgment (Hackett Classics)
Author: by Immanuel Kant
“On Critique of Pure Reason: The text rendered by Pluhar is the work of an expert translator… The virtues of his text are manifold; his translation exhibits an incontrovertible mastery of both English and German. Equally important is the fact that Pluhar has given the original a very close read during the act of translating….
Pluhar consistently resists the tendency to translate woodenly word-for-word…. In point of fact, accuracy of translation stands in no direct relation to literalness; it is much more a product of meticulous textual reading and skilful writing, and in this respect Pluhar has no modern equals in English Kant translation.” -James Jakob Fehr, Kant-Studien
11. The Science of Can and Can't: A Physicist's Journey through the Land of Counterfactuals
Author: by Chiara Marletto
Viking (May 4, 2021)
A luminous guide to how the radical new science of counterfactuals can reveal that the scope of the universe is greater, and more beautiful, than we ever imaginedThere is a vast class of things that science has so far almost entirely neglected.
They are central to the understanding of physical reality both at an everyday level and at the level of the most fundamental phenomena in physics, yet have traditionally been assumed to be impossible to incorporate into fundamental scientific explanations. They are facts not about what is (the actual) but about what could be (counterfactuals).
According to physicist Chiara Marletto, laws about things being possible or impossible may generate an alternative way of providing explanations. This fascinating, far-reaching approach holds promise for revolutionizing the way fundamental physics is formulated and for providing essential tools to face existing technological challenges-from delivering the next generation of information-processing devices beyond the universal quantum computer to designing AIs.
12. Perceiving Purpose
Author: by Sanjay Gupta
Dognosticism!Be Real.Be You.BE THE DOG. Life is hard, but we make it harder than it has to be. This book reveals the secrets that dogs know about: *Why we lie, and how to stop. What we really want, versus what we really need.
How to be honest with ourselves, and be honest with others, without hurting anyone.
13. The Case Against Reality: Why Evolution Hid the Truth from Our Eyes
Author: by Donald D. Hoffman
August 13, 2019
Can we trust our senses to tell us the truth? Challenging leading scientific theories that claim that our senses report back objective reality, cognitive scientist Donald Hoffman argues that while we should take our perceptions seriously, we should not take them literally.
How can it be possible that the world we see is not objective reality? And how can our senses be useful if they are not communicating the truth? Hoffman grapples with these questions and more over the course of this eye-opening work.
Ever since Homo sapiens has walked the earth, natural selection has favored perception that hides the truth and guides us toward useful action, shaping our senses to keep us alive and reproducing. We observe a speeding car and do not walk in front of it; we see mold growing on bread and do not eat it.
These impressions, though, are not objective reality. Just like a file icon on a desktop screen is a useful symbol rather than a genuine representation of what a computer file looks like, the objects we see every day are merely icons, allowing us to navigate the world safely and with ease.
14. But What If We're Wrong?: Thinking About the Present As If It Were the Past
Author: by Chuck Klosterman
June 7, 2016
New York Times bestselling author Chuck Klosterman asks questions that are profound in their simplicity: How certain are we about our understanding of gravity? How certain are we about our understanding of time? What will be the defining memory of rock music, five hundred years from today?
How seriously should we view the content of our dreams? How seriously should we view the content of television? Are all sports destined for extinction? Is it possible that the greatest artist of our era is currently unknown (orweirder stillwidely known, but entirely disrespected)?
Is it possible that we overrate democracy? And perhaps most disturbing, is it possible that we’ve reached the end of knowledge? Klosterman visualizes the contemporary world as it will appear to those who’ll perceive it as the distant past. Kinetically slingshotting through a broad spectrum of objective and subjective problems, But What If We’re Wrong?
Is built on interviews with a variety of creative thinkersGeorge Saunders, David Byrne, Jonathan Lethem, Kathryn Schulz, Neil deGrasse Tyson, Brian Greene, Junot Daz, Amanda Petrusich, Ryan Adams, Nick Bostrom, Dan Carlin, and Richard Linklater, among othersinterwoven with the type of high-wire humor and nontraditional analysis only Klosterman would dare to attempt.
15. The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable (Incerto)
Author: by Nassim Nicholas Taleb
The most influential book of the past seventy-five years: a groundbreaking exploration of everything we know about what we don’t know, now with a new section called On Robustness and Fragility. A black swan is a highly improbable event with three principal characteristics: It is unpredictable; it carries a massive impact; and, after the fact, we concoct an explanation that makes it appear less random, and more predictable, than it was.
The astonishing success of Google was a black swan; so was 9/11. For Nassim Nicholas Taleb, black swans underlie almost everything about our world, from the rise of religions to events in our own personal lives. Why do we not acknowledge the phenomenon of black swans until after they occur?
Part of the answer, according to Taleb, is that humans are hardwired to learn specifics when they should be focused on generalities. We concentrate on things we already know and time and time again fail to take into consideration what we don’t know.
We are, therefore, unable to truly estimate opportunities, too vulnerable to the impulse to simplify, narrate, and categorize, and not open enough to rewarding those who can imagine the impossible. For years, Taleb has studied how we fool ourselves into thinking we know more than we actually do.
16. The Virtue of Selfishness: Fiftieth Anniversary Edition
Author: by Ayn Rand
A collection of essays that sets forth the moral principles of Objectivism, Ayn Rand’s controversial, groundbreaking philosophy. Since their initial publication, Rand’s fictional worksAnthem, The Fountainhead, and Atlas Shruggedhave had a major impact on the intellectual scene. The underlying theme of her famous novels is her philosophy, a new moralitythe ethics of rational self-interestthat offers a robust challenge to altruist-collectivist thought.
Known as Objectivism, her divisive philosophy holds human lifethe life proper to a rational beingas the standard of moral values and regards altruism as incompatible with man’s nature. In this series of essays, Rand asks why man needs morality in the first place, and arrives at an answer that redefines a new code of ethics based on the virtue of selfishness.
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