Best Modern Philosophy Books
Here you will get Best Modern Philosophy Books For you.This is an up-to-date list of recommended books.
1. Designing the Mind: The Principles of Psychitecture
Author: by Designing the Mind
The Instant Cult Classic on the Art of Reprogramming Your Own Psychological SoftwareA bold and fascinating dive into the nuts and bolts of psychological evolution, Designing the Mind: The Principles of Psychitecture is part philosophical manifesto, part practical self-development guide, all based on the teachings of legendary thinkers like Marcus Aurelius, Lao Tzu, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Abraham Maslow.
The ideas and techniques it offers are all integrated into a vital theory for helping individuals scale the heights of self-mastery and lead great lives.”A fascinating framework” – Scott Barry Kaufman, PhD, author of Transcend: The New Science of Self-ActualizationThis visionary guide argues that the mind can be compared to software, made up of many interwoven algorithms which were originally programmed by natural selection.
Though most never learn to alter their default programming, it is possible to rewire cognitive biases, change ingrained habits, and transform emotional reactions. The process of psychitecture enables you to unplug from your own mind, identify its underlying patterns, and become the architect of your own enlightenment.”It has already changed my life, and I know it will change others as well” – Aaron T.
2. Cynical Theories: How Activist Scholarship Made Everything about Race, Gender, and Identity―and Why This Harms Everybody
Author: by Helen Pluckrose
Wall Street Journal, USA Today, and Publishers Weekly Bestseller! Times, Sunday Times, and Financial Times Book-of-the-Year Selection! Have you heard that language is violence and that science is sexist? Have you read that certain people shouldn’t practice yoga or cook Chinese food?
Or been told that being obese is healthy, that there is no such thing as biological sex, or that only white people can be racist? Are you confused by these ideas, and do you wonder how they have managed so quickly to challenge the very logic of Western society?
In this probing and intrepid volume, Helen Pluckrose and James Lindsay document the evolution of the dogma that informs these ideas, from its coarse origins in French postmodernism to its refinement within activist academic fields. Today this dogma is recognizable as much by its effects, such as cancel culture and social-media dogpiles, as by its tenets, which are all too often embraced as axiomatic in mainstream media: knowledge is a social construct; science and reason are tools of oppression; all human interactions are sites of oppressive power play; and language is dangerous.
3. Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid
Author: by Douglas R Hofstadter
Winner of the Pulitzer PrizeA metaphorical fugue on minds and machines in the spirit of Lewis CarrollDouglas Hofstadter’s book is concerned directly with the nature of “maps” or links between formal systems. However, according to Hofstadter, the formal system that underlies all mental activity transcends the system that supports it.
If life can grow out of the formal chemical substrate of the cell, if consciousness can emerge out of a formal system of firing neurons, then so too will computers attain human intelligence. Gdel, Escher, Bach is a wonderful exploration of fascinating ideas at the heart of cognitive science: meaning, reduction, recursion, and much more.
4. The Wisdom of Insecurity: A Message for an Age of Anxiety
Author: by Alan Watts
“The perfect guide for a course correction in life, away from materialism and its empty promise” (Deepak Chopra), The Wisdom of Insecurity shows us howin an age of unprecedented anxietywe must embrace the present and live fully in the now in order to live a fulfilling life.
Spending all our time trying to anticipate and plan for the future and to lamenting the past, we forget to embrace the here and now. We are so concerned with tomorrow that we forget to enjoy today. Drawing from Eastern philosophy and religion, Alan Watts shows that it is only by acknowledging what we do notand cannotknow that we can learn anything truly worth knowing.
Perhaps the foremost interpreter of Eastern disciplines for the contemporary West, Watts had the rare gift of writing beautifully the unwritable.’Los Angeles Times
5. Marcus Aurelius – Meditations: Adapted for the Contemporary Reader (Harris Classics)
Author: by Marcus Aurelius
Meditations is a series of personal writings by Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 AD, recording his private notes to himself and ideas on Stoic philosophy. Marcus Aurelius wrote the 12 books of the Meditations as a source for his own guidance and self-improvement.
These books have been carefully adapted into Modern English to allow for easy reading.ENJOY
6. Simulacra and Simulation (The Body, In Theory: Histories of Cultural Materialism)
Author: by Jean Baudrillard
The first full-length translation in English of an essential work of postmodernist thought
7. A History of Western Philosophy
Author: by Bertrand Russell
Hailed as lucid and magisterial by The Observer, this book is universally acclaimed as the outstanding one-volume work on the subject of Western philosophy. Considered to be one of the most important philosophical works of all time, the History of Western Philosophy is a dazzlingly unique exploration of the ideologies of significant philosophers throughout the agesfrom Plato and Aristotle through to Spinoza, Kant and the twentieth century.
Written by a man who changed the history of philosophy himself, this is an account that has never been rivaled since its first publication over sixty years ago. Since its first publication in 1945, Lord Russell’s A History of Western Philosophy is still unparalleled in its comprehensiveness, its clarity, its erudition, its grace, and its wit.
In seventy-six chapters he traces philosophy from the rise of Greek civilization to the emergence of logical analysis in the twentieth century. Among the philosophers considered are: Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, the Atomists, Protagoras, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Cynics, the Sceptics, the Epicureans, the Stoics, Plotinus, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine, Benedict, Gregory the Great, John the Scot, Aquinas, Duns Scotus, William of Occam, Machiavelli, Erasmus, More, Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, the Utilitarians, Marx, Bergson, James, Dewey, and lastly the philosophers with whom Lord Russell himself is most closely associatedCantor, Frege, and Whitehead, coauthor with Russell of the monumental Principia Mathematica.
8. The Trouble with Being Born
Author: by E. M. Cioran
A love of Cioran creates an urge to press his writing into someone’s hand, and is followed by an equal urge to pull it away as poison. The New YorkerIn this volume, which reaffirms the uncompromising brilliance of his mind, Cioran strips the human condition down to its most basic components, birth and death, suggesting that disaster lies not in the prospect of death but in the fact of birth, “that laughable accident.” In the lucid, aphoristic style that characterizes his work, Cioran writes of time and death, God and religion, suicide and suffering, and the temptation to silence.
Through sharp observation and patient contemplation, Cioran cuts to the heart of the human experience. In the company of Nietzsche and Kierkegaard.”Publishers Weekly”No modern writer twists the knife with Cioran’s dexterity….His writing … Is informed with the bitterness of genuine compassion.”Boston Phoenix
9. The World as Will and Representation, Vol. 1
Author: by Arthur Schopenhauer
Arthur Schopenhauer’s Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung is one of the most important philosophical works of the nineteenth century, the basic statement of one important stream of post-Kantian thought. It is without question Schopenhauer’s greatest work. Conceived and published before the philosopher was 30 and expanded 25 years later, it is the summation of a lifetime of thought.
For 70 years, the only unabridged English translation of this work was the Haldane-Kemp collaboration. In 1958, a new translation by E.F.J. Payne appeared that decisively supplanted the older one. Payne’s translation is superior because it corrects nearly 1,000 errors and omissions in the Haldane-Kemp translation, and it is based on the definitive 1937 German edition of Schopenhauer’s work prepared by Dr. Arthur Hbscher.
Payne’s edition is the first to translate into English the text’s many quotations in half a dozen languages. It is thus the most useful edition for the student or teacher.
10. Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia (Penguin Classics)
Author: by Gilles Deleuze
An “introduction to the nonfascist life” (Michel Foucault, from the Preface)When it first appeared in France, Anti-Oedipus was hailed as a masterpiece by some and “a work of heretical madness” by others. In it, Gilles Deleuze and Flix Guattari set forth the following theory: Western society’s innate herd instinct has allowed the government, the media, and even the principles of economics to take advantage of each person’s unwillingness to be cut off from the group.
What’s more, those who suffer from mental disorders may not be insane, but could be individuals in the purest sense, because they are by nature isolated from society. More than twenty-five years after its original publication, Anti-Oedipus still stands as a controversial contribution to a much-needed dialogue on the nature of free thinking.
11. Beyond Good & Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future
Author: by Friedrich Nietzsche
Represents Nietzsche’s attempt to sum up his philosophy. In nine parts the book is designed to give the reader a comprehensive idea of Nietzsche’s thought and style: they span “The Prejudices of Philsophers,” “The Free Spirit,” religion, morals, scholarship, “Our Virtues,” “Peoples and Fatherlands,” and “What Is Noble,” as well as epigrams and a concluding poem.
Beyond Good and Evil is one of the most remarkable and influential books of the nineteenth century. This translation by Walter Kaufmann has become the standard one, for accuracy and fidelity to the eccentricities and grace of the style of the original.
The translation is based on the only edition Nietzsche himself published, and all variant reading in later editions. This volume offers an inclusive index of subjects and persons, as well as a running footnote commentary on the text.
12. Bruce Lee Striking Thoughts: Bruce Lee's Wisdom for Daily Living (Bruce Lee Library)
Author: by Bruce Lee
“A teacher is never a giver of truthhe is a guide, a pointer to the truth that each student must find for himself. A good teacher is merely a catalyst.”Bruce Lee Within the pages of Striking Thoughts, you will find the secrets of Bruce Lee’s incredible success as an actor, martial artist, and inspiration to the world.
Consisting of eight sections, Striking Thoughts covers 72 topics and 825 aphorismsfrom spirituality to personal liberation and from family life to filmmakingall of which Bruce lived by. His ideas helped energize his life and career and made it possible for him to live a happy and assured life, overcoming challenging obstacles with seeming ease.
They also inspired his family, friends, students, and colleagues to achieve success in their own lives and this personal collection will help you in your journey too. Sections include:On First Principlesincluding life, existence, time, and deathOn Being Humanincluding the mind, happiness, fear, and dreamsOn Matters of Existencehealth, love, marriage, raising children, ethics, racism, and adversityOn Achievementwork, goals, faith, success, money, and fameOn Art and Artistsart, filmmaking, and actingOn Personal Liberationconditioning, Zen Buddhism, meditation, and freedomOn the Process of Becomingself-actualization, self-help, self-expression, and growthOn Ultimate (Final) PrinciplesYin-yang, totality, Tao, and the truth This Bruce Lee Book is part of the Bruce Lee Library which also features:Bruce Lee: The Celebrated Life of the Golden DragonBruce Lee: The Tao of Gung FuBruce Lee: Artist of LifeBruce Lee: Letters of the DragonBruce Lee: The Art of Expressing the Human BodyBruce Lee: Jeet Kune Do
13. A Theory of Justice
Author: by John Rawls
Since it appeared in 1971, John Rawls’s A Theory of Justice has become a classic. The author has now revised the original edition to clear up a number of difficulties he and others have found in the original book. Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition-justice as fairness-and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century.
Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published.
14. Being and Nothingness
Author: by Jean-Paul Sartre
Washington Square Press
A philosophical classic and major cornerstone of modern existentialism Often criticized and all-too-rarely understood, the philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre encompasses the dilemmas and aspirations of the individual in contemporary society. “Being and Nothingness “contains all the basic tenets of his thought, as well as all its more intricate details.
A work of inherent force and epic scope, it provides a vivid analysis for all who would understand one of the most influential philosophic movements of any age, and makes clear why “The New York Times “hailed Sartre’s masterpiece as “a philosophy to be reckoned with, both for its own intrinsic power and as a profound symptom of our time.”
15. Beyond Good and Evil: The Philosophy Classic (Capstone Classics)
Author: by Friedrich Nietzsche
A deluxe, high-quality edition of Friedrich Nietzsche’s seminal work Beyond Good and Evil is one of the final books by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. This landmark work continues to be one of the most well-known and influential explorations of moral and ethical philosophy ever conceived.
Expanding on the concepts from his previous work Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Nietzsche adopts a polemic approach to past philosophers who, in his view, lacked critical sense in accepting flawed premises in their consideration of morality. The metaphysics of morality, Nietzsche argues, should not assume that a good man is simply the opposite of an evil man, rather merely different expression of humanity’s common basic impulses.
Controversial in its time, as well as hotly debated in the present, Nietzsche’s work moves beyond conventional ethics to suggest that a universal morality for all human beings in non-existent perception, reason and experience are not static, but change according to an individual’s perspective and interpretation.
16. Stoicism for Inner Peace
Author: by Einzelgänger
The ancient Stoics were deeply concerned with the virtue of equanimity. Equanimity or inner peace’ is a prerequisite for being a happy and flourishing person according to Stoic philosophy. Therefore, it’s no surprise that ancient Stoic texts contain invaluable wisdom on how to calm the mind.
The challenge, however, is to find and translate this wisdom in a way that’s simple and comprehensible in our modern context, while still maintaining its profundity. Einzelgnger studied the ancient Stoic texts and has been creating a (growing) collection of essays on applying Stoic philosophy in everyday life.
Most of these essays have been published on YouTube in video format. Due to their popularity, Einzelgnger decided to revise a selection of these essays on Stoicism and inner peace, and release them in book format. Not only have all the texts been re-edited and improved, many of them have been extended, and two unreleased pieces about loneliness’ and guilt’ have been added to the collection.